»As much as I love Mannheim, Mannheim loves me«
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Prince Elector Carl-Theodor was devoted to his orchestra in order to demonstrate his power and wealth. Thus, he hired the best violin players of his time: Johann Stamitz, Ignaz Hofbauer, Christian Cannabich, the Toeschi brothers and Joseph Vogler. They created the “Mannheimer Schule” as a violin and symphonic school and, increasingly, as a composition school. The double function of violin player and composer was the prerequisite for an orchestra and composition workshop unique in Europe. Terms like Mannheimer Manieren“ (Mannheim Manners), „Mannheimer Seufzer“(Mannheim Sigh), „Mannheimer Rakete“ (Mannheim Rocket) and „Mannheimer Walze“ (Mannheim Roller) have found their way into the history of music. By reforming the orchestra scoring, the solo parts in the winds register and by dispensing with the harpsichord, the Mannheim composers created that modern sound of the so-called symphony orchestra on which Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven based their symphonies way into the 19th century.